This is a comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed research on the health and environmental impacts of unconventional gas development. At least 685 papers now have been published in scientific journals. Over 80 percent of these papers were published in just the last three years. Of this body of research, 31 are original research on public health hazards, risks and health outcomes, with 84 percent showing significant risks or adverse outcomes.
This Compendium is a fully referenced compilation of the evidence outlining the risks and harms of unconventional gas and oil development. It brings together findings from the scientific and medical literature, government and industry reports, and journalistic investigations, and organizes them chronologically by subject area, with the most recent information at the top of each category. This is the third edition of a living document that gets updated every six months. It reveals not only significant harms from fracking-related activities, but also a growing body of evidence demonstrating that regulations are not capable of preventing these harms.
While research continues to lag behind the rapid scaling of unconventional forms of oil and gas development, there has been a surge of peer-reviewed scientific papers published in recent years. In fact, of all the available literature on the impacts of shale gas development, over 75% has been published since January 1, 2013. What this tells us is that the scientific community is only now beginning to understand the environmental and public health implications. Numerous hazards and risks have been identified, but many data gaps remain. While there is now a far more substantive body of science than there was several years ago, there is still a notable dearth of quantitative epidemiology that assesses associations between risk factors and human health outcomes among populations.Read More
The Compendium of Scientific, Medical, and Media Findings Demonstrating Risks and Harms of Fracking (the Compendium) is a fully-referenced compilation of the evidence for the risks and harms of fracking that brings together findings from the scientific and medical literature, government and industry reports, and journalistic investigation. It is a public, open-access document that is housed on the website of Concerned Health Professionals of New York (www.concernedhealthny.org). Since its release in July 2014, it has been used and referenced all over the world.Read More
On Friday September 12, 2014, the Maryland Environmental Health Network, the Chesapeake Chapter of Physicians for Social Responsibility, and the Alliance of Nurses for Healthy Environments co-hosted a symposium to assess the findings of the study, “Potential Public Health Impacts of Natural Gas Development and Production in the Marcellus Shale in Western Maryland” (“Maryland Health Study”) by the University of Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health (MIAEH). The goal of the symposium was to develop recommendations on next steps for Maryland policy makers with respect to issues raised in the study.Read More